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FAQ #15
Exactly when did Jesus die?     When should we take the bread and the wine?
The LORD Jesus told us that in order to have eternal life and a place in His Government over the Earth we MUST take the
bread and the wine in remembrance of His sacrifice for mankind.

47.  Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.
48.  I am that bread of life.
49.  Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
50.  This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
51.  I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I
will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
52.  The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
53.  Then Jesus said unto them,
Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his
blood, ye have no life in you.
54.  Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
55.  For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.
56.  
He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.
57.  As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
58.  This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this
bread shall live for ever.
      John 6.47-58

This is to be done on the night, of the day, The LORD died upon the cross as our Passover sacrifice.

To do so at any other time is a man made tradition, and The LORD said such conduct was useless ("in vain" = totally useless):

7.  Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
8.  This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
9.  But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men
.    Matthew 15.7-9

To take the bread and the wine every day, every week, or every month as the Sunday keepers do is a man made tradition, and
will never be accepted.

Paul taught the truth:

23.  For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which
he was betrayed
took bread:
24.  And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in
remembrance of me.
25.  After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this
do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
    1 Corinthians 11.23-25

Jesus did not do this once a week, he did not do this once a month, He did not do it every day, or just any day.

He only took the bread and the wine on the night, of the day, He was betrayed.

He is to be our example in all things:

For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.     John 13.15

For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his
steps:
    1 Peter 2.21

Those who receive the Spirit of Christ strive to follow in His footsteps:

He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.     1 John 2.6

Christ did not observe any pagan holy days, He never glorified the demon "Easter" - and it is the name of a demon:

20.  But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye
should have fellowship with devils.
21.  Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of
devils.
       1 Corinthians 10.20+21

So, this brings up the question - "exactly when did Christ die?".

Was it the 13th of Abib (the day of preparation for the Passover) or the 14th Abib (the Passover)??

And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go
and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?
     Mark 14.12

This is right before sunset of the 12th of Abib, they acquired the upper room prior to sunset, which was the beginning of the
13th of Abib (keep in mind that the days start at sunset in the Bible), and took the bread and the wine, then The LORD was
arrested, and beaten through the night and the most of the next day, He died late in the afternoon, of the 13th of Abib, right
before the beginning of the Passover, the 14th Abib, which started at sunset:

14.  And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold
your King!
15.  But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief
priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
     John 19.14+15

This was not the first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread - it was the day of preparation, the day the leavened must
be removed.

The 13th of Abib.

It is being called the first day of unleavened bread because the leaven was removed the night of the 13th so that there
was no leavening in the home when the 14th started.

The religious leaders would not enter the gentile 'Judgment Hall' so they would be able to eat The Passover that night:

27.  Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
28.  Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and
they themselves went not into
the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
      John 18.27+28

Jesus took the bread and the wine, was arrested, tried and crucified on the 13th, and died right before the beginning of the
14th, exactly when the Passover lamb was to be slaughtered.

Many have been led into confusion by the mistranslation of Matthew 26.17

Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we
prepare for thee to eat the passover?
     Matthew 26.17

The word "
feast" is not in the original Aramaic, or the Greek Translations - it was added to the Bible by the English translators:
In Matthew 26.17 the 13th is being called the first day of unleavened bread because this was the day
the leaven was removed so that there was none in the home by the start of the 14th.

Part of the preparation is to remove all leavening (or "hametz") from the home - if this is not accomplished by the end of the
13th a person will be transgressing by having leavening in the home when the 14th starts at sundown.

From The Jewish Encyclopedia:

The proper removal of ḥameẓ ("bi'ur ḥameẓ") constitutes one of the chief concerns of rabbinical law and practise. Great
care is enjoined in the inspection and cleaning of all possible nooks and corners, lest ḥameẓ be overlooked.
The night
preceding the 14th of Nisan was especially set apart for this inspection by candle-light
or lamplight, not by
moonlight, though it was not necessary to examine by candle-light places that were open to the sunlight. Study was
suspended in favor of this duty of inspecting holes and corners. Minute regulations were devised for the inspection of
holes midway between houses, but precautions were taken not to arouse suspicions of witchcraft in the minds of non-
Jewish neighbors. Certain places, where the likelihood of finding ḥameẓ was infinitesimal, were exempt (see "Yad," l.c.
ii.).
(see image) Cloth Used for Covering Passover Dish.(In the possession of Von Wilmersdörffer, Munich.)
(see image) Seder Feast and Accompanying Passover Preparations.'(From Bodenschatz, "Kirchliche Verfassung," 1748.
)In practise this "bediḳat
ḥameẓ" was effected as follows:
As soon as night (on the 13th) had completely set in, the father of the
household ("ba'al ha-bayit") lighted a plain wax taper, took a spoon and a brush, or three or four entire feathers, and,
after having deposited a piece of bread in some noticeable place, as on a window-sill, to mark the beginning of the
search, made the complete round of the house and gathered up all the leavened bread that was in it.
Coming to the
window-sill where the piece of bread was deposited, he carefully put it into the spoon, leaving no crums on the sill, and
pronounced this benediction: "Blessed be Thou . . . who hast commanded us to remove the leaven." Then he added an
Aramaic formula: "All leaven which perchance remains in my domain and which has escaped my observation shall be
destroyed and be like unto the dust of the earth." Then the spoon and brush were tied into a bundle and suspended
over the lamp in the room, or elsewhere, but so that mice could not get at it. Next morning, if the bundle was found
untouched, it was not necessary to go through the same process; otherwise the inspection was repeated.
The bundle
and its contents were either sold or burned before six o'clock in the evening; only so much leaven was retained as
would be needed
up to ten in the morning (Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, 431; Pes. i.). This "investigation" was
transferred to the eve of Sabbath when the 14th of Nisan coincided with the Sabbath.

Read more: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=98&letter=P#ixzz0relxUm3g

[PLEASE NOTE - I have not added any words to this quote, I only highlighted for emphasis by making some of it red
and/or bold]

The Passover lamb had to be killed and the meat distributed to the various homes (Exodus 12.4)
before sunset in order
for the people to obey the commandment not to leave their homes during the nighttime portion of the Passover:

And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that
is in the bason; and
none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.    Exodus 12.22

And scripture says this command to stay in the home the night of the 14th IS FOREVER:

22.  And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts
with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
23.  For the Lord will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side
posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.
24.  And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.
       Exodus 12.22-24

We cannot have a proper Passover sacrifice and put the blood upon our doors because The Temple Mount is defiled, but we
can, and should stay in our homes the night of the 14th.

Now, keeping in mind that before, during, and after Polycrates' life the leavening was removed on the 13th of Abib, in
preparation for The Passover, see what this early Saint, trained by The Apostles had to say about it:

We observe the exact day; neither adding, nor taking away. For in Asia also great lights have fallen asleep, which shall rise again
on the day of the Lord's coming, when he shall come with glory from heaven, and shall seek out all the saints. Among these are
Philip, one of the twelve apostles, who fell asleep in Hierapolis; and his two aged virgin daughters, and another daughter, who
lived in the Holy Spirit and now rests at Ephesus; and, moreover, John, who was both a witness and a teacher, who reclined
upon the bosom of the Lord, and, being a priest, wore the sacerdotal plate. He fell asleep at Ephesus. And Polycarp in Smyrna,
who was a bishop and martyr; and Thraseas, bishop and martyr from Eumenia, who fell asleep in Smyrna. Why need I mention the
bishop and martyr Sagaris who fell asleep in Laodicea, or the blessed Papirius, or Melito, the Eunuch who lived altogether in the
Holy Spirit, and who lies in Sardis, awaiting the episcopate from heaven, when he shall rise from the dead?
All these observed
the fourteenth day of the passover according to the Gospel, deviating in no respect, but following the rule of faith. And I also,
Polycrates, the least of you all, do according to the tradition of my relatives, some of whom I have closely followed. For seven of
my relatives were bishops; and I am the eighth. And
my relatives always observed the day when the people put
away the leaven.
I, therefore, brethren, who have lived sixty-five years in the Lord, and have met with the brethren
throughout the world, and have gone through every Holy Scripture, am not affrighted by terrifying words. For those greater than
I have said ' We ought to obey God rather than man' (Eusebius. Church History, Book V, Chapter 24. Translated by Arthur
Cushman McGiffert. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series Two, Volume 1. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry
Wace. American Edition, 1890. Online Edition Copyright © 2004 by K. Knight).

Polycrates observed The Passover on the 14th and he took the bread and the wine on the night of the 13th, same as Jesus did,
same as I do.

The lamb had to be killed and distributed before sunset of the 13th (the start of the 14th), and great care was taken that all
leaven was avoided and that no contact was made between the lamb meat and leaven.

From The Jewish Encyclopedia:

The Passover lamb was killed,
in the time of the Second Temple, in the court where all other "ḳodashim" were
slaughtered, in keeping with the Deuteronomic prescription, and it was incumbent upon every man and woman to fulfil this
obligation.
The time "between the two evenings" ("ben ha-'arbayim") was construed to mean "after noon and until
nightfall
," the killing of the lamb following immediately upon that of the "tamid," the burning of the incense, and the setting in
order of the lamps, according to daily routine. The killing was done with great caution, to avoid contact with ḥameẓ.
After the
carcass had been properly prepared, and the blood properly disposed of, it was taken home by its owner and
roasted
and eaten at eventide
. The owners of the lambs were divided into three sets ("kittot") of at least thirty each, and during
the slaughtering never less than thirty could be present in the courtyard. When the first group had entered the
courtyard the doors were closed, and while the Levites sang the "Hallel" the lambs were killed, the psalms being sung,
if necessary, three times.

Read more: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=98&letter=P#ixzz0renxCtJh

They could not wait till the very end of the day to kill the lamb - according to Josephus 250,000 lambs were slain, so for the
purposes of The Passover "even" was from noon to sunset.

Jesus died right before the
sunset on the 13th of Abib. In the 'twilight' between the two days, The Passover would start at
sunset and there was a super natural event, extra long twilight that day:

Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.     Matthew 27.45

And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.    Luke 23.45

But, they had to get Him off the cross before the Passover (the 14th of Abib) started, at
sunset:

The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath
day, (
for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be
taken away.
  John 19.31

They were to stay in their homes the nighttime portion of the 14th of Abib:

And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that
is in the bason; and
none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.      Exodus 12.22

The people were to eat the lamb, destroy the leftovers and not go outside after sunset.

And what do you want to bet the Apostles did exactly that the night after Jesus died??

Here is how it went:

Tuesday the 12th of Abib - Late in the day Christ sent the apostles to rent the upper room, and they all went there.

Wednesday the 13th of Abib - The preparation day for the Passover, the day the leavening was removed (first day of unleavened
bread). Jesus and the Apostles started the day in the "upper room", which they rented late on the 12th.

Christ performed the "bediḳat ḥameẓ" or the 'search for leaven', He found Judas Iscariot, who was purged that evening.

They took the bread and the wine, performed the footwashing ritual, Jesus was arrested, beaten, tried, taken before the gentile
rulers, and crucified.

It was still before The Passover:

1.  Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto
the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.
2.  And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;
3.  Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;
4.  He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself.
5.  After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he
was girded.
    John 13.1-5

The LORD died late in the day of the 13th (John 19.31), the "even" between the 13th + the 14th, and was put into the tomb.

Thursday the 14th of Abib - This was the Passover, the Passover lambs were eaten (John 18.28; 19.41) in the evening, the
LORD's body could not be tended without touching a dead body, thereby being made ritually unclean on this Annual Holy Day.
But it is not a Sabbath where no labor can be performed, this allowed the women to acquire and prepare the herbs for the burial
anointing.

Friday the 15th of Abib - This was the first day of The Feast of Unleavened Bread - The LORD's body could not be tended this
day as it is a commanded, Annual Sabbath.

Saturday the 16th of Abib - This was the weekly Sabbath - The LORD's body could not be tended or the Sabbath would be
desecrated

Jesus only gave one sign that He truly is the Messiah - that He would be dead and in the grave three days and three nights - no
more - no less:

38.  Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
39.  But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be
given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
40.  For
as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three
days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
                 Matthew 12.38-40

And true to His word The LORD rose exactly three days and three nights after dying, ON SATURDAY AFTERNOON.

Some say that Christ died on the Passover, near sunset of the 14th - I see no way possible to have The LORD dead for three
days and three nights and have Him die on the 14th.

Unless, we believe the women passed up a normal workday opportunity to tend the LORD's body - I can't believe they would do
so.

Let's say Christ died on Wednesday the 14th = the Passover, then Thursday would be the 15th which is the first day of The Feast
of Unleavened Bread - they could not tend the body that day - it is an annual Sabbath.

But what about Thursday night / Friday day which would be the 16th?? -

This would be a normal work day - why not tend the body??

And if you move The LORD's death to any other day than Wednesday you have the same problem OR a problem with the three
days and three nights - OR BOTH.

The LORD died on a Wednesday the 13th of Abib, late - right before sunset, which started the Passover = the 14th.

I have heard some say that the Jews of Jesus' day were not observing the Passover, just the Feast of Unleavened Bread - as
they do today.

This view is in conflict with

1.  After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought
how they might take him by craft, and put him to death.
2.  But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar of the people.
    Mark 14.1+2

So I think it is obvious they were still observing both.

If they were not then Jesus died on the wrong day - unthinkable - for He was The Passover and He died at exactly the right time
- right before the beginning of The Passover, sundown between the 13th and the 14th.

The events of Christ death lineup perfectly with the Exodus account - our Passover must be slain at the beginning of the 14th.

Also if The Jews of Jesus' day were not observing the 14th then Jesus was guilty of sin, for failure to observe The Passover
(the 14th) is sin.

Do you really want to accuse The LORD of sin in order to defend a false doctrine??

Do you??

I suggest you think long and hard before you accuse Christ of desecrating the 14th His entire life or of going outside on the
night of the 14th, or of having an improperly slain lamb that night in The Upper Room.

He would have been transgressing The Torah to have left The Upper Room that night if it was the 14th, the command to stay
inside is forever.

But The Jews no longer observe the 14th, hundreds of years after The Temple was destroyed
they quit removing the leavening on the night of the 13th and quit observing the 14th at all,
except they observe the Fast of the Firstborn during the daylight portion of the 14th, this
admits that The LORD's Passover happened the night before, the nightime portion of the 14th
of Abib.

Because the lambs cannot be slain at the beginning of the 14th now they remove the leavening on the night of the 14th, but it
wasn't that way before, as evidenced by the two eyewitness accounts above.

Two separate festivals, The Passover (1 day) and The Feast of Unleavened Bread (7 days) have become one seven day
observance.

From The Jewish Encyclopedia:

Comparison of the successive strata of the Pentateuchal laws bearing on the festival makes it plain that the institution, as
developed, is really of a composite character.
Two festivals, originally distinct, have become merged, their underlying ideas
reappearing both in the legend associated with the holy day as its assumed historical setting and occasion, and in the ritual.

Read more: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=98&letter=P#ixzz0reqVcDdn


The Jews do not currently regard the 14th as a Holy Day - they start what they call "The Passover" at the end of the 14th of
Abib.

They have dropped the Passover and retained The Feast of Unleavened Bread, which lasts for seven days. The 15th - 21st of
Abib).

Picturing out reality perfectly -

The Jews do weed the sin (which is the transgression of God's Law - 1 John 3.4) out of their lives - they hold fast to God's Law.

But they are not covered by the blood of Christ - yet.

They will come into the New Covenant during the
second resurrection.
From Dave Bauscher's Interlinear Peshitta
From 'The Interlinear Scripture Analyzer' - please note, the word 'feast'
is in brackets because it is not there - it was added to the word by the
And this addition makes no sense - The Feast of Unleavened Bread is the day after the Passover - NOT the day before:

5.  In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord's passover.
6.  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat
unleavened bread.    
Leviticus 23.5+6

The "even" of the 14th is at the very beginning of it - in the Bible the days always begin and end at sunset.

Sunset in the Bible
Read the blue from right to left
The taking of the unleavened bread and wine on the night of the 13th was a totally new custom commemorating the
suffering of The Lamb.

Same as the footwashing was totally new - these two commands only apply to Christians.

The 14th celebrates and commemorates the salvation that the sacrifice of The Lamb brings.

The 15th acts out the removal of sin, pictured out by leaven, seven symbolizes completion.

And it is a different subject, but I believe Jesus died near the site of the Miphkad Altar, on the Mount of Olives, the third
altar, the altar "outside of the camp" (Leviticus 16.27; Hebrews 13.13), in plain sight of those slaughtering the lambs
(according to Joesephus 250,000 lambs were slaughtered) at The Temple, at the proper time.
In the ancient exodus from Egypt the Israelite were to slaughter the lamb, put the blood on the doorway and stay in their homes on
the night of the 14th.
The had to have the blood on the door and the meat from the lamb distributed before sundown started The Passover
on the 14th, or they would be transgressing by being outside of their homes:

3.  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to
the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:
4.  And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls;
every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
5.  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
6.  And y
e shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall
kill it in the evening.
7.  And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
8.  And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9.  Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.
10.  And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
11.  And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the
Lord's passover.
12.  For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all
the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord.
13.  And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague
shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
14.  
And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations; ye shall
keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
                           Exodus 12.3-14

They were to stay in their homes that night:
21.  Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the
passover.
22.  And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood
that is in the bason; and
none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
23.  For the Lord will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the Lord will
pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.
24.  And
ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.            Exodus 12.21-14

When sunup came they gathered in Ramses, and when sunset came, starting the 15th of the month, they left Egypt:

2.  And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the Lord: and these are their journeys according to
their goings out.
3.  And
they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the
morrow after the passover
the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the
Egyptians.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
        Numbers 33.2+3

The Jews no longer observe the 14th as a Holy Day, they only observe The Feast of Unleavened Bread for 7 days, from the 15th to
the 21st.

4.  These are the feasts of the Lord, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
5.
 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord's passover.
6.  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye
must eat unleavened bread.
7.  In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
8.  But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no
servile work therein.
                                                                                                                                     Leviticus 23.4-8

And if they slaughtered the lamb at the end of th 14th how could they stay in their homes all night since they left Egypt on the night
of the 15th??

The observance of The Fast of the Firstborn during the daylight portion of the 14th is proof The LORD passed over Egypt the
night before, the night of the 14th, not the night of the 15th.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fast_of_the_Firstborn

They are mourning the firstborn Egyptians who died the night before and were being buried as the Israelites were gathering in
Rameses preparing to depart from Egypt.

3.  And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover
the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.
4.  
For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the Lord had smitten among them: upon their gods also the Lord executed
judgments.
5.  And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.
   Numbers 33.3-4
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